Mg2+-Assisted Catalysis by B. Stearothermophilus TrpRS Is Promoted by Allosteric Effects

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Mn2+-assisted catalysis by B. stearothermophilus TrpRS parallels that in polymerases and reduces specificity in amino acid activation. As predicted by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations, multi-variant thermodynamic cycles with [ATP]-dependent Michaelis-Menten kinetics and Mn2+ for Mg2+ substitution demonstrate energetic coupling of ATP affinities to the metal; to lysines K111 and K192, which interact via the PPi leaving group; and to K195, which couples differently to the metal via the α–phosphate. However, net coupling to the metal...
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