Multicenter Multireader Evaluation of an Artificial Intelligence-Based Attention Mapping System for the Detection of Prostate Cancer With Multiparametric MRI.

Sherif Mehralivand, Stephanie A Harmon, Joanna H Shih, Clayton P Smith, Nathan Lay, Burak Argun, Sandra Bednarova, Ronaldo Hueb Baroni, Abdullah Erdem Canda, Karabekir Ercan, Rossano Girometti, Ercan Karaarslan, Ali Riza Kural, Andrei S Pursyko, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Victor Martins Tonso, Cristina Magi-Galluzzi, Jennifer B Gordetsky, Ricardo Silvestre E Silva Macarenco, Maria J Merino, Berrak Gumuskaya, Yesim Saglican, Stefano Sioletic, Anne Warren, Tristan Barrett … & Baris Turkbey
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in a multicenter dataset the performance of an artificial intelligence (AI) detection system with attention mapping compared with multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) interpretation in the detection of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS. MRI examinations from five institutions were included in this study and were evaluated by nine readers. In the first round, readers evaluated mpMRI studies using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2. After...
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