Looking without seeing: Children do not distinguish efficient from inefficient means to achieve a goal

Ori Ossmy & Karen Adolph
Observing actions provides important information about other people’s goals and the means they use to achieve their goals. Preschoolers (N=22) and adults (N=22) watched videorecorded actors use efficient and inefficient means of grasping a hammer to pound a peg. Eye tracking showed that participants at both ages looked equally long at the goal target (the peg) but adults looked longer than children at the means—how actors grasped the hammer. Deep learning analysis of participants’ eye...
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