The development of predictive processes in children’s discourse understanding

Michael C. Frank
We investigate children's online predictive processing as it occurs naturally, in conversation. We showed 1-7 year-olds short videos of improvised conversation between puppets, controlling for available linguistic information through phonetic manipulation. Even one- and two-year-old children made accurate and spontaneous predictions about when a turn-switch would occur: they gazed at the upcoming speaker before they heard a response begin. This predictive skill relies on both lexical and prosodic information together, and is not tied to...
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