Recasting Iron: Alternative Imaginations of an Ephemeral Eiffel Tower, 1889-1909

Julia Lieber
There is perhaps no shorthand more banal for France and Frenchness than the omnipresent form of the Eiffel Tower. Because its iterations are so ubiquitous, the public imagination has come to regard the iron monument as an inevitability, eliding the uncertainty of its early period. Indeed, Gustave Eiffel’s firm’s lease on the Champs de Mars was to expire in 1909, at which point the Tower was to be moved or demolished entirely. During this “trial...
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