A Rydberg interferometer : from coherent formation of ultralong-range Rydberg molecules to state tomography of Rydberg atoms

Björn Butscher
In the course of this thesis the techniques of coherent state preparation and interrogation introduced by Stern, Rabi, Ramsey and others are extended to large samples of ultracold Rydberg atoms and molecules. The key technique to realize the coherent control is a Ramsey-like excitation scheme. To achieve this, a Rydberg interferometer is set up and successfully applied in the investigation of the recently discovered ultralong-range Rydberg molecules as well as for the exploration of the...
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