Towards a room temperature solid state quantum processor - the nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond

Philipp Neumann
This work investigates the applicability of the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect center in diamond for quantum computation and metrology purposes. The NV center is a molecule like defect in the diamond lattice which is optically active and possesses an electron spin in its ground state. The spin can be used as a quantum bit and as a field sensor. The NV center has three major properties enabling individual control of single defects. Its optical properties depend...
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