Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch & Niklas Isaak
The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations based on a pension simulation model show that the contribution rate to the statutory pension fund is currently 1.2 percentage points...
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