The stress of subordinance: Socially mediated differences in acid-base regulation in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Beidan Mussa
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) held in pairs engage in agonistic interactions resulting in one fish becoming dominant over the other, subordinate fish. Subordinate social status constitutes a chronic stress with subordinate fish exhibiting a prolonged elevation of circulating cortisol levels that in turn leads to reduced growth rates, altered metabolic function and compromised immune responses. The chronic stress experienced by subordinate fish also impacts ionoregulatory ability. Owing to the tight coupling between Na+ and Cl-...
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