Data from seismic slip-pulse experiments simulating induced earthquake rupture in the Groningen gas field

Luuk Bernd Hunfeld
Rock materials show dramatic dynamic weakening in large-displacement (m), high-velocity (~1 m/s) friction experiments, providing a mechanism for the generation of large, natural earthquakes. However, whether such weakening occurs during induced M3-4 earthquakes (dm displacements) is unknown. We performed rotary-shear experiments on simulated fault gouges prepared from the source-, reservoir- and caprock formations present in the seismogenic Groningen gas field (Netherlands). Water-saturated gouges were subjected to a slip pulse reaching a peak circumferential velocity of...
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