Declines in Religiosity Predict Increases in Violent Crime—but Not Among Countries With Relatively High Average IQ

Cory J. Clark, Bo M. Winegard, Jordan Beardslee, Roy F. Baumeister & Azim F. Shariff
Many scholars have argued that religion reduces violent behavior within human social groups. Here, we tested whether intelligence moderates this relationship. We hypothesized that religion would have greater utility for regulating violent behavior among societies with relatively lower average IQs than among societies with relatively more cognitively gifted citizens. Two studies supported this hypothesis. Study 1, a longitudinal analysis from 1945 to 2010 (with up to 176 countries and 1,046 observations), demonstrated that declines in...
This data repository is not currently reporting usage information. For information on how your repository can submit usage information, please see our documentation.