Whether, How, and Why Networks Influence Men’s and Women’s Career Success: Review and Research Agenda

Meredith L. Woehler, Kristin L. Cullen-Lester, Caitlin M. Porter & Katherine A. Frear
Substantial research has documented challenges women experience building and benefiting from networks to achieve career success. Yet fundamental questions remain regarding which aspects of men’s and women’s networks differ and how differences impact their careers. To spur future research to address these questions, we present an integrative framework to clarify how and why gender and networks—in concert—may explain career inequality. We delineate two distinct, complementary explanations: (1) unequal network characteristics (UNC) asserts that men and...
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