Torticollis of infancy: the reliability of visual estimation in the assessment of cervical spine active rotation and head tilt by physiotherapists and the impact of clinical experience on that reliability.

Anthea Seager
Introduction: Torticollis is a clinical sign of asymmetric neck posture. In infancy, the most common causes are muscular in nature and can be classified as Congenital Muscular Torticollis or Postural Torticollis. Assessment of neck function is essential for diagnosis and management of torticollis. A systematic review demonstrated a paucity of reliable and valid measurement tools, in particular for the assessment of postural side-flexion (head tilt) and active neck rotation, in the upright position. Furthermore, most...
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