Tax cuts or social investment? Evaluating the opportunity cost of the French employment strategy (LIEPP Working Paper, n°31)

Clément Carbonnier, Bruno Palier & Michaël Zemmour
Tax expenditures are widely used by French governments as employment and social policies. Such programmes together amounted to more than 1.3 points of GDP in 2011. Thanks to a systematic review of academic policy evaluations, we assess the efficiency of the different parts of such policies, showing that at least €6 billion is used for policies whose cost is greater than €62,500 per year and job created, and €0.5 billion for policies whose cost is...
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