State complicity in violence against Ahmadiyah and Shi'a communities in Indonesia

A'an Suryana
This thesis looks at the role of state officials in handling incidents of mass violence against Ahmadiyah and Shi’a communities in Indonesia. Scholars often criticize the post-Soeharto democratic Indonesian governments as having been incapable of addressing violence against religious minorities. This thesis argues that the violence stemmed in part from the state officials’ close connection with vigilante groups, and a general tendency for the authorities to forge mutual and material interests with such groups. Vigilante...
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