The effect of sodium hydroxide surface treatment on the tensile strength of cellulose nanofibre

R. K. Leung, S. Panthapulakkal, M. Sain & D. K. Panesar
The use of cellulose nanofibres in the reinforcement of polymers has applications in bio-based building materials. However, one problem observed when using cellulose nanofibres within composites is the difficulty of ensuring their adequate dispersion. The phenomenon of agglomeration is attributed to the high density of polarized hydroxyl groups at the surface of cellulose nanofibres. Initial observations of cellulose nanofibre agglomeration, in a cement matrix at volume fractions larger than 0.1%, are theorized to have contributed...
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