S3 guidelines for intensive care in cardiac surgery patients: hemodynamic monitoring and cardiocirculary system

M. Carl, A. Alms, J. Braun, A. Dongas, J. Erb, A. Goetz, M. Goepfert, W. Gogarten, J. Grosse, A. R. Heller, M. Heringlake, M. Kastrup, A. Kroener, S. A. Loer, G. Marggraf, A. Markewitz, D. Reuter, D. V. Schmitt, U. Schirmer, C. Wiesenack, B. Zwissler & C. Spies
Hemodynamic monitoring and adequate volume-therapy, as well as the treatment with positive inotropic drugs and vasopressors are the basic principles of the postoperative intensive care treatment of patient after cardiothoracic surgery. The goal of these S3 guidelines is to evaluate the recommendations in regard to evidence based medicine and to define therapy goals for monitoring and therapy. In context with the clinical situation the evaluation of the different hemodynamic parameters allows the development of a...