Endoscopic optic nerve decompression: the Graz experience II

Andreas Lackner, Tarek Alborno, Christian Walch, Wolfgang Köle, Heinz Stammberger & Angelica Klein
Introduction Permanent visual loss or blindness is a hazardous complication of traumatic optic neuropathy (TON). Direct traumatic blindness is usually due to penetrating injuries to the area of the optic nerve while indirect TON is due to blunt head traumas. Recommendations for management of traumatic[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]