State of the art in navigation of head and neck procedures

O. Majdani, R. Heermann, T. Lenarz & M. Leinung
Introduction Navigation systems are applied increasingly as a matter of routine in cranial base interventions. In the area of the frontal skull base important structures lie functionally in direct neighborhood to the field of operation and are endangered. The routine application of navigation systems[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]