Application of bone anchored referencing with an electromagnetic navigation system to the lateral skull base?

O. Majdani, R. Heermann, S. Bartling, T. Lenarz & M. Leinung
Introduction Currently, electromagnetic navigation systems are well-established in procedures at the frontal skull base. Problems arise if a surgeon intends to perform lateral skull base surgery by use of these systems. For example the heaset of the InstaTrak3500 (GE MedicalĀ®) is optimized [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]