View into the cavernous sinus: intraoperative direct contact ultrasound in transspenoidal surgery. Anatomical evaluation and preliminary results

U.J. Knappe & R. Salbeck
Objective: Intraoperative visualization of cavernous sinus (CS) is difficult despite advances in microsurgical and endoscopic technique. For this purpose we describe the use of intraoperative direct contact ultrasound in pituitary surgery and correlate sonographic findings to anatomical landmarks as[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]