The expanded extreme lateral approach to the lumbar and thoracic spine – a minimally invasive surgical technique for total vertebral body replacement

N.G. Rainov & V. Heidecke
Objective: Minimally invasive surgical approaches to the spine are increasingly used instead of large exposure techniques. We describe our experience with a surgical approach initially employed for lumbar extreme-lateral interbody fusion (XLIF). Methods: The original retroperitoneal, trans-psoas [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]