Accuracy of lumbar pedicle screw placement with a bone mounted miniature robotic system

I. Pechlivanis, A. Harders & K. Schmieder
Objective: Pedicle screw placement in lumbar spine surgery is a well-established procedure in spinal neurosurgery. Nevertheless, anatomical variations, obesity and new established minimal invasive systems require a high precision of screw placement. For these reasons the use of spinal navigation systems[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]