Three-dimensional visualization and planning of full endoscopic postero-lateral transforaminal approach in lumbo-sacral discectomy

M. Leimert, D. Podlesek, T. Meyer, G. Schackert, R. Von Kummer, S. Sobottka & M. Kirsch
Objective: The endoscopic transforaminal approach in lumbar-sacral discectomy is frequently difficult to plan preoperatively, since three-dimensional imaging is not used routinely. The purpose of this study was to utilize sophisticated software algorithms to visualize and plan the endoscopic transforaminal[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]