Safety deficits of shunt emergency cards and proposal for improvements

B. Vienenkötter, C. Dictus, A. Unterberg, M. Schlieter & A. Aschoff
Objective: 273 hydrocephalus valves have been designed, 170 are on the market, 12 of them with sophisticated adjustment procedures and special instructions concerning MRI. The information of patients, parents, doctors – especially neurosurgeons and radiologists – became more and more difficult[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]