Cytogenetic factors predicting the development of early brain metastases in renal cell carcinoma

A. Gutenberg, M. Nschwitz, C. Enders, W. Brück, L. Füzesi & V. Rohde
Objective: Brain metastases can develop as early and as late manifestation of renal cell cancer (RCC) and pose an increasing challenge as a result of the more frequent, prolonged survival of patients with advanced RCC. In fact, the time interval between primary diagnosis of RCC and occurrence of brain[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]