Navigated pedicle screw fixation of the cervical spine: Technique and results

V. Vougioukas, U. Hubbe, R. Sircar, M. Shah & C. Scheiwe
Objective: Spinal image guidance has undergone significant evolution and rapid technological advancement in recent years. Image guidance provides three-dimensional visualization of the spine that can be used for preoperative planning and intraoperative navigation. There are three commonly used methods[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]