Pathological reflux and the incidence of chronic venous insufficiency in the Bonn Vein Study

Sabine Hertel, Barbara Hoffmann, Felizitas Pannier, Annette Ko, Gabriele Berboth, Eberhard Rabe & Karl-Heinz Jöckel
Background: Reflux plays an important role in the physiology of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Our study investigates whether patients with an asymptomatic pathological reflux in one leg exhibit a higher occurrence of CVI in the same leg as subjects without pathologic reflux. Material and[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]