Modern voice prosthetics after total laryngectomy – differentiated use of special voice prostheses

Peter Kress, Peter Schaefer & Peter Schwerdtfeger
Introduction: Voice prostheses have proven to be save and effective to restore voice after total Laryngectomy. The extended worldwide use voice prostheses has uncovered biofilm formation, underpressure related valve openings, material fatigue of the valve and periprosthetic leakage as specific problems[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]