Clinical calculations of physical and biological effective dose distributions in proton and carbon ion therapy using the FLUKA Monte Carlo code

A. Mairani, S. Brons, F. Cerutti, A. Ferrari, K. Parodi, M. Scholz & F. Sommerer
Purpose: To implement a Monte Carlo (MC) framework for physical and biological effective dose calculations in ion beam therapy to validate and support analytical treatment planning engines. Material and Methods: Currently, dedicated or commercial treatment planning systems (TPSs) for ion therapy[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]