Comparison of predicted excess secondary malignancies and normal tissue toxicities between proton and photon irradiation in the treatment of stage I seminoma

, K. Kramer, W. O'Meara, A. Belard, J. McDonough & J. O'Connell
Background: Adjuvant photon radiation therapy has been the standard practice for the treatment of stage I seminoma following orchiectomy. More recently, single dose carboplatin or observation have emerged as alternative adjuvant courses due to concerns of acute toxicities and secondary malignancies [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]