Neuronavigation-assisted awake craniotomy for gliomas – experiences with smaller craniotomies

Carola Würtenberger, Minou Nadji-Ohl & Nikolai Hopf
Objective: Operating patients in local anaesthesia enables intraoperative language mapping and assessment of motor function and is an established procedure to find safe access to a tumor. However, craniotomies for mapping procedures are generally large to provide full exposure of eloquent cortex. Surgical[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]