Retrospective analysis of the accuracy of robot-assisted versus conventional pedicle screw placement in the lumbar and lower thoracic spine

Sven R. Kantelhardt, Ramon Martinez, Stefan Baerwinkel, Ralf Burger, Alf Giese & Veit Rohde
Objective: Pedicular screw placement is a standard procedure for spinal fusion in the lumbar and thoracic spine. Poor screw placement puts neural structures at risk and might reduce the primary stability of the spondylodesis. An image-guided spinous process mounted minirobot was recently introduced [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]