The direct medial and lateral extended transnasal endoscopic exposure for the sphenoid sinus and central skull base – an anatomical study

Robert Reisch, Evaldas Cesnulis, Hans Rudolf Briner & Daniel Simmen
Objective: Endoscopic techniques offer several advantages in transnasal surgery including visually best-controlled surgical manipulation without using the nasal speculum. According to significant benefits, endoscopy improves to the gold standard in modern transnasal surgery. Goal of this study was to[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]