New perspectives for endoscopic neurosurgery – an anatomic study with a rigid, multidirectional steerable videoendoscope

Florian H. Ebner, Martin U. Schuhmann, Jakob S. Marquardt, Bernhard Hirt, Juergen Honegger, Stephan Herlan & Marcos Tatagiba
Objective: To assess field of view, usability and applicability of a prototype of a rigid, multidirectional steerable videoendoscope (EndActive, Karl Storz, Tuttlingen) in various intracranial regions relevant to neurosurgical practice. Methods: In four cadaveric specimens frontolateral, pterional,[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]