Miniature robot-assisted versus free-hand lumbar pedicle screw placement: A prospective randomized single-center trial

Andreas Reinke, Carsten Stüer, Alexander Preuss, Michael Behr, Bernhard Meyer, Michael Stoffel & Florian Ringel
Objective: The theoretical advantage of image-based robotic assistance in lumbar spinal instrumentation has not been scientifically proven so far. Two pilot studies focusing on the only CE approved miniature-robot for spine surgery provided excellent results for screw positions. The present study is[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]