3D-Flatpanel C-Arm: A new benchmark for intraoperative 3D imaging and navigation in spine surgery?

Ulrich Hubbe, Jan-Helge Klingler, Ronen Sircar, Christian Scheiwe & Martin Deininger
Objective: Since introduction of intraoperative 3D imaging, navigated spine surgery could considerably be simplified and optimized. Through this, an automated referencing became available, that is exceptionally accurate and furthermore allows spinal navigation also for minimally invasive spine surgery.[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]