Do patients with open spina bifida always need a shunt for lifetime? A long-term follow-up

Dieter Class, Steffen Pauli, Roberto Michilli, Nicolai J. Hopf & Raimund Firsching
Objective: More than 80% of children with open spina bifida are expected to develop hydrocephalus eventually requiring a shunt system. To our knowledge there are no long-term follow-up studies especially on shunt function in older patients with spina bifida. Methods: We reviewed 69 patients [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]