Preoperative mapping of cortical language areas by means of navigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: initial experience

Thomas Picht, Olaf Suess, Peter Vajkoczy & Theodoros Kombos
Objective: Intraoperative electrical stimulation of the exposed cortex is still the gold standard for reliable and accurate localization of cortical language representation. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is the only painless method which permits transient inhibition of cortical[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]