Multimodal navigation and intraoperative high-field magnetic resonance imaging in transsphenoidal surgery of complex pituitary adenomas

Michal Hlavac, Klaus Seitz, Thomas Schmidt & Rainer Wirtz
Objective: Feasibility and evaluation of multimodal neuronavigation combined with intraoperative 1,5 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in transspenoidal surgery of complex pituitary adenomas. Methods: Prospective study of 19 patients with extensive or recurrent pituitary adenomas underwent navigated[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]