Evaluating volumetric MRI quantification of the olfactory bulb as an independent factor correlating the outcome of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus after shunt implantation

Dino Podlesek, Johannes Gerber, Gabriele Schackert, Matthias Kirsch & Thomas Hummel
Objective: The cardinal symptoms of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) are gait disturbance, dementia and incontinence. An important pathological feature is dysfunctional CSF dynamics. Examination of the CSF has shown the neuronal degeneration in patients with iNPH. Surgical treatment is[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]