Asymptomatic treatment failure in pediatric hydrocephalus – features of an under diagnosed (?) entity

Andreas Speil, Karin Haas-Lude, Andrea Bevot & Martin U. Schuhmann
Objective: It is commonly believed that shunt or ETV failure is associated with symptoms and signs of raised intracranial pressure. If the are absent, especially in children with related developmental delay or behavioral problems, a shunt or ETV failure may remain undiagnosed or considered not relevant.[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]