Laser-guided lumbar medial branch kryorhizotomy – an improved minimally-invasive technique for the treatment of lumbar facet joint syndrome

Robert Andres, Thilo Graupner, Christian B. Bärlocher, Arthur Augsburger, Javier Fandino & Andreas Raabe
Objective: Image-guided spinal interventions carry the potential of significant radiation exposure to both the patient and the surgeon. We describe a modification of the medial branch kryorhizotomy technique for the treatment of lumbar facet joint syndrome (LFJS), using a fluoroscopy-based laser-guided[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]