Microsurgical exposure of lumbar spinal nerves in the rat

Mortimer Gierthmuehlen, Thomas M. Freiman, Dominik Elverfeldt & Jan Kaminsky
Objective: The lumbar spine and cauda equina of the rat has become a widely used model for biodynamic, pharmaceutical and neurological experiments. Especially neurophysiological and anatomical studies need sufficient exposure of the dorsal and ventral nerve roots. However, no standard procedure to approach[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]