The influence of multilevel lumbar disc arthroplasty on spine kinematics and facet joint forces – a finite element study

H.-J. Wilke, H. Schmidt & F. Galbusera
Objective: Total disc arthroplasty (TDA) has been successfully used for monosegmental treatment in the last few years. Therefore, more and more surgeons started to use artificial discs for multisegmental approaches. However, already two-level lumbar TDA led to controversial clinical results. Therefore,[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]