Laryngeal pacer: who are suitable patients?

Andreas Mueller & Gerhard Foerster
In patients with bilateral vocal chord paralysis (B-RLNP) an electrical pacing of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle (PCA) could become an option for improving breathing in foreseeable future. Electrophysiologic feasibility tests in volunteers and in animals showed the necessity of a syncinetic reinnervation[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]