New frontiers in endoscopic neck surgery: development of a trans-oral endoscopic mediastinal surgery

Thomas Wilhelm, Wolfram Klemm, Joris Harlaar, Anton Kerver, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink & André Nemat
Introduction: Developments in laparoscopic surgery has lead to an increase of these approaches in different disciplines. Additionally natural orifice approaches are under exploration with the aim to further reduce surgical access trauma. We have developed a trans-oral endoscopic access for thyroid resection[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]