Open (droplet chamber) versus closed (LiquoGuard™) ventricular drainage

Robert Winkler, Christian Icke, Sabine Recknagel-Friese, Kai-Uwe Döbel, Peter Brand, Rüdiger Gerlach & Steffen Rosahl
Objective: Drainage of CSF via an external ventricular drainage in acute hydrocephalus commonly employs an open droplet chamber system. The LiquoGuard-device drains CSF from a ventricular catheter with a micropump in a closed-loop system. We have compared the new device with the conventional open droplet[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]