Reduction of the Neointimal hyperplasia and calcification in arterialised fistula veins – the effect of vitamin K2 in a CKD/uraemia Rat model

Maria Kokozidou, Stephan Langer, Leon Schurgers, Tina Kessel, Jennifer Kranz, Michael Jacobs, Lieven Kennes, Karen Arakelyan, Thilo Krüger & Thomas A. Koeppel
Introduction: Neointimal hyperplasia is the main cause of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients while access calcification predicts mortality. Low vitamin K2 intake has been associated with a higher incidence of calcification in the cardiovascular system, through[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]