Anatomic location of active contacts for pallidal deep brain stimulation

J.A. Köppen, H. Gloor, C. Moll, C. Buhmann, M. Westphal & W. Hamel
Objective: There is scarce knowledge available about the position of electrodes for deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the posteroventrolateral (PVL) internal pallidum (GPI). Methods: 18 patients (3 male; mean age 42) with dystonia (4 cervical, 5 segmental, 1 axial, 3 generalized, 3 myoclonus), spinocerebellar[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]